Friday, December 11, 2009
Tuesday, December 08, 2009
- Inherited corruption – Not only was Adam’s sin imputed to us and therefore his guilt, but we also inherited the sinful nature of Adam.
- Scriptural proof:
o Psalm 51:5 - Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin my mother conceived me.
§ The sin nature we have is clearly from conception and therefore we are sinners from birth.
· See also Psalm 58:3 - The wicked are estranged from the womb; these who speak lies go astray from birth.
o Ephesians 2:3 - and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest.
§ What other verses?
· Ephesians 2:1-2 – Dead in sin and followed course of this world.
· Colossians – Hostile in mind
· Romans 8:6-8 – Flesh is hostile toward God and cannot submit to God’s law.
o There are no exceptions in the world for there is no one righteous (Romans )
- This means we are born with a disposition to sin all the time.
o Example: Do you teach your children to say “No”?
§ How many train your children to disobey?
· Does this mean nobody can do any good in any sense of the word?
o No - as Grudem says, “This inherited tendency to sin does not mean that human beings are all as bad as they could be, nor does it mean that we can do no good in any sense of the word. However, our inherited corruption, our tendency to sin… means that as far as God is concerned, we are not able to do anything that pleases Him.”
§ This can be seen in two ways.
- First, we lack any spiritual good before God – Every aspect of us is affected by sin: heart, mind and soul.
o Paul says in Romans - For I know that nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh.
o Titus - To those who are defiled and unbelieving, nothing is pure, but both their mind and their conscience are defiled.
o Jeremiah 17:9 – The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately corrupt, who can understand it?
§ Reiterates that unbelievers can do good in some senses, but we cannot do any spiritual good apart from God
· Quotes Ephesians 4:18
- Second, actions cannot do spiritual good.
§ Romans 8:8 - Those who are in the flesh cannot please God.
§ John 15:5 – Apart from Christ we can do nothing.
§ Romans - Whatever does not proceed from faith is sin.
· Hebrews 11:6 - Without faith it is impossible to please God.
§ Isaiah 64:6 - all our righteous deeds are like a polluted garment.
· Scripture clearly teaches our actions cannot please God, on there own.
- What does this do to our wills?
o Jeremiah helps explain - Can the Ethiopian change his skin or the leopard his spots? Then also you can do good who are accustomed to do evil.
§ This is a helpful description of the condition and what is often called total depravity.
· For it helps us see that what we determine to do is a product of who we are.
§ Can a leopard change itself?
o No! It will do what is in accordance with its nature.
§ The same with sinful man.
o Man has a will, but as a sinful man he will do only what is sinful. Romans - no one understands; no one seeks for God. Read all of Romans 3:10-19
§ Man is enslaved to His sin Romans 6:17-20.
- This explains verses such as Romans -16 – It does not depend upon human will, but God who has mercy.
o And John (also vs 65) – No one can come to Jesus unless the Father draws Him.
§ John – You do not believe because you are not my sheep
o It is not that people are trying to break down the door into the
§ They do not want it!
o We will revisit this again before we speak about the effective call of God and irresistible grace.
- Punishment of sin – By far the worse effect of sin
o John - Those who do not believe in Christ have the wrath of God abide upon them.
o In 2 Thessalonians 1:4-10 – Those who disobey the gospel will be eternally punished.
o The wrath of God is a result of our sin (Romans ).
- What attribute of God necessitates this punishment of sin? Justice of God.
o Psalm 9:7-8 He (the LORD) has established his throne for justice, & he judges the world with righteousness; he judges the peoples with uprightness.
o Isaiah 61:8 For I the LORD love justice; I hate robbery and wrong; I will faithfully give them their recompense.
§ The great consequence of our sin is separation from God and punishment of God
o Proverbs gives us a verse that makes our case seem almost hopeless.
§ Proverbs He who justifies the wicked and he who condemns the righteous are both alike an abomination to the LORD.
· God must punish sin, for Him not to do so would make Him an unrighteous God.
o God did something to not hinder His love on one hand and not compromise His justice on the other hand.
§ He sent His Son Jesus.
o We will look in depth at the propitiatory sacrifice of Jesus in the weeks to come.
Thursday, December 03, 2009
- Inherited guilt – We are counted guilty because of Adam’s sin. Roman 5:12-21 speaks in depth about this.
o First, it is important to notice the context.
§ The context shows Paul is not talking about actual sins committed by people.
· The section is a comparison of Adam & Christ
o Adam and Christ are also mentioned together in 1 Cor 15:22;45
· Also notice how Adam & Christ relate to US.
o This helps us with the seemingly difficult vs 12.
§ Particularly the phrase, “because all sinned”
· Sinned is in the past tense.
o What does Paul mean when he says all sinned?
§ It means that God thought of us all as having sinned when Adam disobeyed.
o Again, the context of Romans confirms this is what Adam is saying.
§ Vs 15 – “Transgression of the One many died”
§ Vs 16 – “Judgment arose from One transgress…”
§ Vs 17 – “Transgression of the One, death reigned through the One…”
§ Vs 18 – “Through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men…”
§ Vs 19 – “Through the one man’s disobedience, the many were made sinners.”
o In vs 19 we see that through Adam’s disobedience, the many were made sinners.
§ The word “made” is in the past tense and means appointed, designated or constituted.
· We are designated as sinners because of Adam’s sin, and therefore guilty of it.
§ Just as through Christ’s obedience we are constituted as righteous, and therefore innocent.
o In the context what proves this point?
§ People died without breaking an actual commandment.
· This is the idea of vs 13-14.
o All this proves is that Adam is the representative for the entire human race, and therefore all are guilty sinners.
- Is this right of God?
o Regardless, we have committed actual sins which we will be judged on the last day (Romans 2:6; Colossians )
o By saying it’s not fair, we have already shown to be in agreement with Eve.
o We would have done the same thing in their position.
o We should think it is unfair for Christ to represent us, and count us righteous because of His obedience.
o God takes sin seriously.
§ He is holy and just in all His ways.
§ There is nothing we can do to make ourselves right with God; we are guilty apart from Christ.
o We should look to the provision by which we are declared righteous in Romans 5:20-21.
Wednesday, December 02, 2009
- What is sin? Any failure to conform to the moral law of God in act, attitude or nature.
o Definition includes not only actions, but also attitudes & desires.
§ Scriptural examples that show attitudes and desires as sinful: Exodus 20:17 – coveting; Matthew 5 – Sermon on the Mount examples of lust=adultery and sinful anger=murder; Galatians 5 - fits of anger, sensuality, enmity, jealousy, envy.
§ The greatest commandment: Mark - Love the Lord your God with all your heart, mind, soul, and strength.
o Sin also relates to our nature.
§ Eph 2:3, we were by nature children of wrath.
§ Romans 8:7-8, those in flesh are unable to please God
§ Rom 6:17-20, we were slaves to sin.
o Sin is serious. Why? Sin is painful and destructive to our lives and to others. It is especially serious because it offends a holy and just God.
- Origin of sin
o God did not commit sin, man committed sin.
§ God’s ways are perfect righteous and good.
o But, we also must guard against dualism.
§ Evil is not eternal, nor is it omnipotent – it cannot thwart God’s plans.
o We must remember, God is still in control. (Eph 1:11)
- Where did sin come from? With respect to the human race, through Adam & Eve
o There are three aspects of the sin of Adam & Eve, which characterizes sin in general
§ Sin struck at the base of knowledge.
· What is true? The serpent said they would NOT die if they ate the fruit.
§ Sin struck at the base of moral standards.
· What is right? Serpent denied it would be morally wrong for them to eat.
§ Sin struck at the base of their existence.
· Who am I? Serpent said they would be like God if they ate the fruit.
o The story of Adam & Eve was a real historical event.
· It is in the context of a historical narrative.
· Many scriptures such as Romans 5:12-19, 2 Corinthians 11:3, 1 Timothy 2:14 assumes its historicity.