- Inherited guilt – We are counted guilty because of Adam’s sin. Roman 5:12-21 speaks in depth about this.
o First, it is important to notice the context.
§ The context shows Paul is not talking about actual sins committed by people.
· The section is a comparison of Adam & Christ
o Adam and Christ are also mentioned together in 1 Cor 15:22;45
· Also notice how Adam & Christ relate to US.
o This helps us with the seemingly difficult vs 12.
§ Particularly the phrase, “because all sinned”
· Sinned is in the past tense.
o What does Paul mean when he says all sinned?
§ It means that God thought of us all as having sinned when Adam disobeyed.
o Again, the context of Romans confirms this is what Adam is saying.
§ Vs 15 – “Transgression of the One many died”
§ Vs 16 – “Judgment arose from One transgress…”
§ Vs 17 – “Transgression of the One, death reigned through the One…”
§ Vs 18 – “Through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men…”
§ Vs 19 – “Through the one man’s disobedience, the many were made sinners.”
o In vs 19 we see that through Adam’s disobedience, the many were made sinners.
§ The word “made” is in the past tense and means appointed, designated or constituted.
· We are designated as sinners because of Adam’s sin, and therefore guilty of it.
§ Just as through Christ’s obedience we are constituted as righteous, and therefore innocent.
o In the context what proves this point?
§ People died without breaking an actual commandment.
· This is the idea of vs 13-14.
o All this proves is that Adam is the representative for the entire human race, and therefore all are guilty sinners.
- Is this right of God?
o Regardless, we have committed actual sins which we will be judged on the last day (Romans 2:6; Colossians )
o By saying it’s not fair, we have already shown to be in agreement with Eve.
o We would have done the same thing in their position.
o We should think it is unfair for Christ to represent us, and count us righteous because of His obedience.
o God takes sin seriously.
§ He is holy and just in all His ways.
§ There is nothing we can do to make ourselves right with God; we are guilty apart from Christ.
o We should look to the provision by which we are declared righteous in Romans 5:20-21.