- What is sin? Any failure to conform to the moral law of God in act, attitude or nature.
o Definition includes not only actions, but also attitudes & desires.
§ Scriptural examples that show attitudes and desires as sinful: Exodus 20:17 – coveting; Matthew 5 – Sermon on the Mount examples of lust=adultery and sinful anger=murder; Galatians 5 - fits of anger, sensuality, enmity, jealousy, envy.
§ The greatest commandment: Mark - Love the Lord your God with all your heart, mind, soul, and strength.
o Sin also relates to our nature.
§ Eph 2:3, we were by nature children of wrath.
§ Romans 8:7-8, those in flesh are unable to please God
§ Rom 6:17-20, we were slaves to sin.
o Sin is serious. Why? Sin is painful and destructive to our lives and to others. It is especially serious because it offends a holy and just God.
- Origin of sin
o God did not commit sin, man committed sin.
§ God’s ways are perfect righteous and good.
o But, we also must guard against dualism.
§ Evil is not eternal, nor is it omnipotent – it cannot thwart God’s plans.
o We must remember, God is still in control. (Eph 1:11)
- Where did sin come from? With respect to the human race, through Adam & Eve
o There are three aspects of the sin of Adam & Eve, which characterizes sin in general
§ Sin struck at the base of knowledge.
· What is true? The serpent said they would NOT die if they ate the fruit.
§ Sin struck at the base of moral standards.
· What is right? Serpent denied it would be morally wrong for them to eat.
§ Sin struck at the base of their existence.
· Who am I? Serpent said they would be like God if they ate the fruit.
o The story of Adam & Eve was a real historical event.
· It is in the context of a historical narrative.
· Many scriptures such as Romans 5:12-19, 2 Corinthians 11:3, 1 Timothy 2:14 assumes its historicity.